About Bulgaria
About Bulgaria

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BULGARIA -  (officially the Republic of Bulgaria) 



Parliamentary democracy

(The Bulgarian National Assembly (a single chamber parliament)

consists of 240 members who are elected for a four-year period.)


Rosen Plevneliev (2012)

Prime Minister:

Plamen Oresharski (2013)

Year of EU entry:


Schengen area:

Not a member of Schengen

Land area:

110,549 sq km (42,683 sq mi)

(14th-largest country in Europe)



(growth rate: 0.781%); birth rate: 9.32/1000; life expectancy: 73.59)

Capital and largest city:  

Sofia, 1,192,000 million

National Holiday:

Liberation Day, March 3


Bulgarian 85%, (Turkish 10%, Roma 4%)

(The Bulgarian language is a Slavic language. Bulgarian education

emphasizes foreign language studies, especially English language)



(The Cyrillic alphabet, which was developed in Bulgaria during the 9th century, became the third official alphabet of the European Union after Bulgaria's accession.)

Literacy rate:



Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2%

 (Almost ninety-four percent of Bulgarians are ethnic Slavs)


Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Islam 12%, other Christian 1%

 (Bulgarian Orthodox Church, the country's traditional religion)

Monetary unit:


Country code:


Time Zone:



220V/50Hz (European plug)

Visa Information:

Citizens from the US, Canada, UK, and most European countries do not require a visa for visits under 90 days


Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe  in the heart of the Balkans. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 14th-largest country It is a European, Balkan, Black Sea and Danube country. This geographic location places it on the crossroad between Europe, Asia and Africa. The distances between Sofia and the capitals of the neighboring Balkan states are: Skopje - 239 km, Beograd 374 km, Bucharest 395 km, Athens 837 km, Ankara 1,012 km.


Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts sublime beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few. The country offers a highly diverse landscape: the north is dominated by the vast lowlands of the Danube and the south by the highlands and elevated plains. In the east, the Black Sea coast (375 km) attracts tourists all year round. About 70% of the countrys territory is hilly land and 30% is mountainous. The average elevation of the countrys territory is 467 m.


Bulgaria is located in the temperate continental latitudes, and its climate is favorable for the development of various types of tourism. The country climate can be divided into five distinct zones temperate-continental, continental-Mediterranean, transitional, the Black Sea zone and a mountain zone. The average annual temperature in the country is between 10 and 14, The countrys favorable climate and natural attractions provide the basis for the development of its 142 resorts, of which 26 are marine resorts, 56 mountain resorts, and 58 are balneological resorts, not counting the numerous balneological and spa centers.


Bulgaria is the second most biologically diverse nation in Europe. There are more than 12,360 plant species, 3,700 of which are higher species. Of these, 763 are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria, which lists rare or endangered species. About 750 plant types have been registered as medicinal, and 70% of these are economically valuable. The country exports about 15,000 tons of herbs each year

Three national parks have been established in the country: Pirin National Park (a UNESCO natural heritage site), Rila National Park, and the Central Balkans National Park. There are also 11 nature reserves.


Bulgaria was founded in 681 AD and it is one of the oldest states in Europe that hasnt changed its name since it was first established. The territory of Bulgaria has been inhabited since antiquity, as the countrys many ancient settlements and burial mounds attest. Present-day Bulgaria was a cradle of some of the earliest civilizations in Europe the oldest gold ornament ever discovered, unearthed in the Chalcholite necropolis near Varna.





Unknown and Fun Facts about Bulgaria


Bulgarians express approval by shaking their heads rather  than nodding. Be careful when nodding to mean "yes" and shaking your head when you mean "no" in Bulgaria - Bulgarians do it the opposite way! In Bulgarian, you say "da" () for yes and "ne" () for no. When in doubt, use these easy-to-remember words to make yourself understood.


The famous Bulgarian rose oil is used for making some of the worlds most popular and expensive perfumes. One gram rose oil is produced out of 1000 rose blossoms.


Over 15 000 Thracian tombs have been discovered on the territory of Bulgaria. The bulk of them are yet to be explored.


The gold treasure discovered in the Varna Necropolis is the oldest one in the world. It dates back to 5000 BC.

Bulgaria comes third in the list of countries with most valuable archaeological sites discovered on their territories, preceded only by Greece and Italy. 


Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is the only big city in Europe that lies just 15 minutes away from an imposing mountain Vitosha (2290 m).


The Bulgarian folk song Izlel e Delio Haydutin was included on the Voyager Golden Record which was sent into outer space by NASA and has been flying around open space together with Bachs and Mozarts greatest works since 1977 when the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 probes left the Earth.


Bulgarian yogurt is the best in the world. This is thanks to the unique Lactobacillus bulgaricus bacteria used for its production that can only be found on the territory of the country.


The different ethnic and religious groups in Bulgaria live in peaceful coexistence.


The Bulgarian army has never lost a single flag in battle.


Sofia was founded 7000 years ago. This makes it the second oldest city in Europe.


The first computer in the world was created by a Bulgarian. In the period 1937 1942 John Atanasoff, a scientist of Bulgarian descent, together with Clifford Berry, an American inventor working for the University of Iowa, designed and developed the first electronic digital computing device.


There is solid historical evidence that wine has been produced on the territory of what is now modern-day Bulgaria ever since the Stone Age. Today the country has earned the reputation of a world-class wine producer.


Every year on 1 March Bulgarians exchange martenitsas. Essentially, these are small pieces of adornment made of red and white thread that symbolise good health and happiness.


The renowned opera singers Boris Christoff and Nikolai Gyaurov are Bulgarians.


Famous Bulgarians include philosopher Julia Kristeva, Elias Canetti, Nobel Prize winner for literature in 1981, and Christo Javachev (Christo), the creator of many unorthodox outdoor sculptures.




More usefull information about Bulgaria

BulgariaTravel.org - The official website  for Tourism; usefull information about Bulgaria

Unesco-Objects.hit.bg - The nine Bulgarian wonders protected by UNESCO

Bulgarian monasteries - The portal of Bulgarian monasteries with detailed information and photos

Welcome to Bulgaria - Country of Hospitality!


Discover it with Alisa Tours!
Tel: + 359 (0) 2 983 62 42; Mobile: + 359 (0) 887 60 45 63; (0) 877 03 05 42skype: alisatours  info@alisa-tours.com 


youtube - The song "Izlel e Delio Haydutin" was included on the Voyager Golden Record