About Bulgaria
Bulgarian Nature

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Bulgaria - the nature beauty


Few countries can rival Bulgaria's scenic splendour and diverse nature. The landscape changes every few kilometers to reveal alpine mountains, rivers with spectacular canyons, vast meadows and forests, coastal wetlands and sand beaches.


Located in the south-eastern corner of Europe, Bulgaria has just the right balance of contrasts from the high mountain ranges (the highest peak on the Balkans - Moussala, 2925m is situated in Bulgaria) to the Black Sea coast. About 70% of the countrys territory is hilly land and 30% is mountainous. The average elevation of the countrys territory is 467 m. 700 km of mountains along the Balkan Mountain Range, a 380 km coastline and more than 2000 caves are only a few of the natural superlatives Bulgaria has on offer. The country makes up for its rather small size with an outstanding astonishing diversity of  his landscape - lowlands, plains, foothills and plateaus, river valleys, basins, mountains. The wildlife with many old villages and towns with fascinating architecture are typical feature for Bulgarian scenery. Modern facilities are in place yet the roads are empty and the people amazingly patient and helpful to foreigners. Bulgaria, with its cultural monuments has a history of 1300 years. The numerous cultural and historical remains by Thracians, proto - Bulgarians, Byzantines, Greeks and Ottomans are buried in the picturesque nature, hidden in deep forests, in the numerous mountains or under the fine sand of the Black Sea coast.


Favoured by a moderate climate, the land of the roses is very rich in plants and forests. Bulgaria's biodiversity is legend. The country holds a unique position in Eastern Europe as the most biodiverse, ranking third in Europe for diversity of plant and animal life. With more than 3500 vascular plant species, Bulgaria has one of the richest flora in Europe. The country is inhabited by nearly 415 species of birds. In Bulgaria can find trees with age over 1000 years. The most famous are the "Granite oak" (Quercus robur, 1600 years old) and "Baikushevata mura" (Pinus heldreichii, 1300 years old). Luckily, many of the most precious ecosystems are preserved in National reserves and Parks. Bulgaria is a great place for nature photography. It is very beautiful country  and one of the top places in Europe     when ranked by biodiversity.




Bulgarian Resorts can be divided in two groups : Beach resorts and Ski resorts.


The Black Sea Coast and its resorts

The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, known as the Bulgarian Riviera, covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline. White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast.


The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast has a humid subtropical climate, with considerable maritime and continental influences. The area's average air temperature in the summer is about 28C, with the average water temperature at 26C. There are more than 240 hours of sunshine in May and September and more than 300 hours in July and August.


The Balkan Mountains cross the country reaching to the edge of the Black Sea at Cape Emine, dividing the coastline into a southern and northern part. Parts of Bulgaria's northern Black Sea Coast feature rocky headlands where the sea abuts cliffs up to 70 metres in height. The southern coast is known for its wide sandy beaches.


The two largest cities and main seaports on the Bulgarian Riviera are Varna (third largest in the country) and Burgas (fourth largest in the country). Varna is located on the northern part of the coast and Burgas is located on the southern coast. The two cities' international airports, Varna Airport and Burgas Airport, are the main hubs servicing the region.


The history of the lands nearby the Black Sea Coast is rich and ancient. Many and different tribes lived here. Remains from ancient settlements, wholly places, churches and monasteries, unique finds from different historical epochs - Thracian, Roman, Byzantine, Turk, Bulgarian,  are found here.


The region is an important center of tourism during the summer season (MayOctober), drawing millions of foreign and local tourists alike and constituting one of the country's most popular tourist destinations.


Today 25% from our Black sea coast is taken by the resorts. Many of them still have the prestige international sign Blue flag, a distinction which is given by the world foundation for ecological education for the best beaches and yacht bays.


The sunny summer, the warm sea water, the great number of mineral springs, swimming pools, the broad and cosy beaches, breezy parks, restored hotels and the good service attract millions of tourists from all over the world every year. A great number of resort centres are situated in towns, villages and regions along the coast of the Black sea - Rusalka, Kavarna, Balchik, Albena, Kranevo, Golden sands, St. Constantine, Varna, Chayka, Kamchiya, Byala, Obzor, Elenite, st. Vlas, Sunny beach, Nesebar, Bourgas, Pomorie, Sozopol, Djuni, Primorsko, Kiten, Ahtopol.



Bulgarian mountains and ski-resorts


Mountains constitute a significant part of Bulgaria and are dominant in the southwest and central parts. Their exact number is 37. Bulgaria's highest mountains are Rila (highest peak Musala, 2925 m; the highest in the Balkans) and Pirin (highest peak Vihren, 2914 m). The large mountain chain of Stara planina (Balkan Mountains) runs west-east across the entire country, bisecting it and giving the name to the entire Balkan peninsula. Other extensive mountains are the massifs Rhodopes and Strandzha in the south.

The Bulgarian mountains take up most of the southern and western parts of Bulgaria, only Stara Planina (the Balkan mountain range) is situated in the hearth of the country, dividing it in two almost equal parts Northern Bulgaria and Southern Bulgaria.

It is a natural barrier protected the southern territories from the cold air currents coming from the north. The mountain spreads from the Timok River to cape Emine on the Black sea Coast and is 555 km long. It is a mountain range which offers everything: even green meadows, venerable oak forests, tender fir threes, 1000 metres deep abyss, numerous waterfalls, bears, goats, studs of pasturing stallions and etc. The highest point in the mountain is Botev peak 2376 m.


Numerous small resorts in Stara Planina are offering perfect conditions for relaxing holidays and active vacations in it. The whole region is famous with the unique hospitable attitude of local people towards visitors and tourists in the site. If you ever give Stara planina a try, do not miss to try the delicious local cuisine in one of those mehanas in national style. Perfect service great food and wide range of selected drinks will enchant you.


The mountains in the southern part of the country are generally divided in few massifs:

Rilo-Rodopian Massif, which includes Rila, Pirin, Rodopi Mounatin, as well as the less popular Slavyanka and Stargach.


Some of the most beautiful and picturesque places in Bulgaria are located in the Rhodope Mountain. According to the most famous legend, the mythical singer Orpheus was born in the Rhodope mountain. He was enchanting people and animals with his magical music. The Rhodope mountain is one of the most preferred destinations for winter tourism two ski resorts Pamporovo and Chepelare - are situated here at a distance of only 10 km.

During the summer season the Rhodope mountain is an exceptionally pleasant place for hiking and biking. The natural landmark and The Wonderful Bridges are situated in close proximity to Chepelare. It had turned into one of the symbols of the mountain.


The Bulgarian mountains are beautiful with their nature and their peacefulness. Every single mountain in Bulgaria enchants with its own charm and uniqueness, diverse flora and fauna, crystal clear lakes and of course fresh air and thick forests. Many believe that the true spirit of the Bulgarian people can be felt only in the mountains.


The largest and most developed ski resorts in Bulgaria are Bansko (Pirin), Borovets(Rila) and Pamporovo(Rhodope).













Welcome to Bulgaria - Country of Nature Beauty!



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